データベースガイド 12. 収録曲

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Extras:

How to enter:

Tracklisting

12.1. This section is where we list all the details regarding the individual tracks. Please also be aware of releases with incorrect track lists. Please see §1.7.3 and §1.7.4 for information on how to best contribute those.

Position

12.2.1. The position field (Pos) is where the track position number is entered. The used positions used to be unique - you can't have two tracks with the same position ('A1', for example). If there is position numbering in the main credit section, it must be identical to the position numbering in the tracklisting.

12.2.2. You can enter the positions from the release or using the Discogs standard positions (see below). The positions from the release are preferred.

12.2.3. Side specification is mandatory. The tracklist should follow the intended side order as indicated on the release. Some double sided releases with two or more items, such as auto-coupled 2xLP's, have unusual ordering. Commonly, one disc will have side A then side D, and the second disc will have side B and C. Enter the tracklist in the A, B, C, D order and make a note in the release notes field saying it is an auto-coupled release. The side order versus tracklist order will sometimes change on different versions of the release - always follow the side order on the specific release.

12.2.4. The positions numbering needs to be under fifteen characters long and can use lower-case or mixed case letters.

12.2.5. If the release is a one-sided record or cassette (or is a set containing such an item), you must add "Single Sided" to the format. For double sided releases with a single track per side, trailing numbers are not required (you can use A instead of A1), but they are acceptable.

12.2.6. Record or cassette releases can have sequentially listed tracks, regardless of sides (e.g., A1, A2, B3, B4, C5, C6, D7, D8), but this should be clarified in the Release Notes.

12.2.7. For side identification, please use A, B, etc. in place of 1, 2, One, Two, Side One, Side Two, etc., including variations in any language. This includes program identification on multi-program cartridges such as 8-tracks.

12.2.8. Don't use redundant prefixes and suffixes, for example, prefixing "CD1" in front of a release that only contains one CD, prefixing with zero (embedded zeros such as CD1-01 are acceptable however), or prefixing / suffixing with punctuation.

12.2.9. The standard Discogs positions are:

  • Without sides (for example, CD): 1, 2, 3…
  • With sides (for example, LP, 7", cassette): A1, A2…, B1, B2…
  • Multiple 12", LP, etc., just continue the letters: …C1, C2, D1, D2, etc.
  • With programs (for example, 8-track cartridge and 4-track cartridge): A1, A2…, B1, B2…, C1, C2...
  • Multiple CDs, etc.: 1-1, 1-2…, 2-1, 2-2…
  • Multi-disc or multi-format releases: Use a clear and simple position numbering scheme which differentiates each item, for example, CD1-1, DVD1-1, etc.
  • Sub tracks, for example, DJ mixes that comprise one track on a CD: Separate songs or tunes that are rolled into one track on a CD, LP, etc., should be listed using a point and then a number: 1, 2, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4,… Letters can also be used, with or without a point: A3.a, A3.b or A3a, A3b,…
  • Enhanced CDs containing extra material, use a prefix in the Track Position field that denotes what the extra material is, for example, "Video 1", "Video 2". Enter the enhanced tracks after the audio material. In the Release Notes, mention any specific software and / or the technology required in order to use the material, for example, "Video material viewable on PC and Mac. Videos launched automatically in a new Window".

Artist

12.3.1. This field is for the main artist for each track. It is possible to use more than one artist and join fields by clicking the [+] button. The same guidelines apply as to the main artist. This field should not be used if all of the tracks are by the same artist.

12.3.2. If one or more track based main artists are entered, there should be a track based main artist filled out for all tracks, even if they are the same as the overall main artist on the release.

Title

12.4.1. Discogs requires full track titles. For mix / version titles, the required format is "Name Of Track (Name Of Version)". Where versions of tracks are included which have the same track title but do not have version titles, mention this in the Release Notes. 

Sometimes a track will just be listed as 'Remix', 'Dub', 'Version' or similar, but this will usually refer back to the track title of the release (if a single) or the preceding track. Please add the full track title in these cases.

Tracks with no title should be listed as "Untitled". Abbreviations, acronyms, initialisms and capitalization follow the usual rules.

12.4.2. All tracks on a release must be listed, including locked grooves, short bonus tracks and so on. Additional information on hidden tracks should be added to release notes. An untitled locked groove should be listed as "Untitled", and release notes mention "Track xx is a locked groove".

12.4.3. Some file based download stores (such as Beatport) place the phrases "Original Mix" and "Original" on the end of any track title without a mix name. These phrases should be ignored unless specifically appropriate to the release (for example, by the physical counterpart or cover).

12.4.4. Only the track titles should be listed in the track title field. Please make a note of extra information (recording dates, dance names, etc.) or special features (locked grooves, double concentric groove, hidden tracks, inside-out cut, etc.) in the release notes, not in the track title.

Extra Artist

12.5. The extra artist for each track is to enter any relevant credits. It is possible to use more than one artist by clicking the [+] button. The same guidelines apply as to the main Credits section. This field should not be added if no extra artist is present on a track.

Durations

12.6.1. Legitimate formats for duration are:

  • mm:ss
  • mmm:ss
  • hh:mm:ss

12.6.2. Please enter durations in the format they appear on the release, or if they aren't on the release, in the most convenient format. The format should not be changed without good reason.

12.6.3. If durations are entered from the release text, they should be entered for all the tracks, unless the release doesn't list the durations for all the tracks. In this case please enter the track durations that are listed on the release, and explain the discrepancy in the release notes.

12.6.4. If the durations are not listed on the release, they can be found and entered by timing the vinyl, listing the CD times from a CD player or computer, etc. The timings must be taken from the exact release - please do not transfer timings between releases. Please mention in the submission notes where the durations were derived from.

12.6.5. When the printed durations do not match the actual durations and the difference is more than ±5 seconds, enter the actual durations and list the printed durations in the release notes. When the difference is less than ±5 seconds, enter the printed durations.

Extras

Just below the Tracklist position lines, you will find some additional extra's:

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Add Tracks

12.7. This adds x number of tracks, the number is selected from the drop down menu to the left of the button.

Autonumber Tracks

12.8. This will overwrite all track numbering with 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. on all the tracks on the release.

Add Artist Per Track

12.9. This will add a main artist field for every track. Pressing it multiple times will add multiple main artists, with corresponding join fields.

Add Credit Per Track

12.10. This will add an extra credits field for every track. Pressing it multiple times will add multiple extra credits, with corresponding join fields.

Insert Track

12.11. Selected by clicking on the small arrow on the right of every track, this will add a track above the existing one.

Delete Track

12.12. Selected by clicking on the small arrow on the right of every track, this will delete the existing track.

Index Tracks And Headings

12.13.1. Index Tracks are used whenever the Index Track Title is the title of a musical piece and the Sub-tracks below are parts or movements of that piece. The Index track title must be a valid name for the musical work when presented as "Index Track (Sub-Track)". If it isn't, a heading must be used instead.

12.13.2. Use a "Heading" whenever there is a block of text on the release that is descriptive of the tracks below, but is not the title of a musical piece.

12.13.3. When bonus tracks / bonus content is identified on the release itself as a separate section of the release content, a Heading can be used. However, when bonus tracks are identified with an asterisk, with a bonus track mention appended to the track title, a footnote or such like, do not use a Heading, enter this in the release notes instead.

12.13.4. Index Tracks and Headings should not be used for denoting generic side, track position or separate media data (for example, 'Side A', 'CD1', etc.), track numbering is used for this.

12.13.5. Index Tracks and Headings should not be used for adding incidental information which belongs in the Release Notes.

 How To Enter

Same Audio On Different Sides Or Media

12.14.1. For releases where the same tracks are repeated (for example, cassettes with the same tracks on both sides), please add the full tracklist for both sides. Don't worry about which one is A and which one is B, if the tracklist is the same on each side, then it doesn't matter.

  • A1: Track A
  • A2: Track B
  • B1: Track A
  • B2: Track B

12.14.2. Please enter "record plays same tracks on both sides" in the release notes field, so it is not flagged as a mistake.

12.14.3. For releases where the same tracks or tracklists appear on different formats (for example, a CD and an LP set with the exact same tracks), please list all the tracks on all the different media.

Non-audio Content

12.15. Releases that have eligible audio focused content, but which also include non-audio focused content (for example, videos with interview sections, DVDs with non audio multimedia content) in their tracklisting, can have those non audio sections listed in the tracklisting section. Non-audio content that isn't listed in the tracklisting of a release (for example, text files on a CD-ROM) should be listed in the release notes section.

Megamixes And Medleys

12.16.1. Where several pieces of music are included in one CD track or vinyl track, and the tracklist on the release lists all the individual pieces of music, use a logical scheme, such as 1a, 1b, 1c, 2a, 2b, etc. Avoid tracklists in the release notes (except where they are additional information to the tracklist in the tracklisting section).

12.16.2. Where several pieces of music are included in one CD track or vinyl track, and the tracklist on the release does not list all the individual pieces of music, try to list the actual audio on the release where possible. So again, use a logical tracklisting scheme and list out the tracks / sub tracks.

  • Always use the release notes to explain the information (or lack thereof) that comes with the release, and any corrections made to the tracklist (in other words, if you correct the entire tracklist, you should list the uncorrected (original) tracklist in the release notes).

12.16.3. When trying to draw the line between a track list and a sample source, refer to what the release was intended as. A mix will usually have at least a minutes worth of a track on it, and longer than 5 minutes, whereas a megamix / collage / medley will usually chop through tracks faster and be structured more like a song. If a medley is on the release with the separate tracks listed, then it is acceptable to list them in the tracklist section.

Hidden And Blank Tracks

12.17.1. Blank space on a release that is given its own CD index or otherwise marked out from the other tracks, but which isn't given a title, can be entered in the tracklist using the usual track numbering schemes, and titled as "(no audio)".

12.17.2. Hidden tracks on CDs are usually made as one audio track with two songs / tunes and an area of blank space in between. List a hidden track on a CD like so:

  • 1 A Song (7:54)
  • 2 The Other Song (6:43)
  • 3.1 A Final Song (7:13)
  • 3.2 (silence) (1:08)
  • 3.3 The Hidden Song (6:08)

In this example the CD player would show the total time of 14:29 for track 3 (7:13 + 1:08 + 6:08). It is good to add a small explanation to the release notes, for example, "Track 3 contains a hidden track (track 3.3). Track 3.1 lasts for 7:13 before a period of silence."

12.17.3. Audio included after a series of short silent tracks on a CD can be listed like so:

  • 1 A Song (7:54)
  • 2 The Other Song (6:43)
  • 3 A Final Song (7:13)
  • 4-98 (no audio)
  • 99 The Hidden Song (6:08)

12.17.4. Pre-gaps (Track zero, found by rewinding from the first track, or accessible by some -not all - computer CD-Roms) can be listed in the tracklisting. If possible, use the track numbering scheme on the release, and extend it for the hidden track. This can usually be accomplished by using zero as the first track number, for example: A0, A1, A2 or 0, 1, 2. Make sure to explain the hidden track in the release notes.

12.17.5. Parallel grooves on vinyl can be listed like so:

  • AA1 First Groove, First Track
  • AA2 First Groove, Second Track
  • AB1 Second Groove, First Track
  • AB2 Second Groove, Second Track

And explained in the release notes.

12.17.6. Vinyl that plays in reverse can be explained in the release notes. No special track numbering is needed for this, list the tracks in the order they play.

                                                                                                                                               

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